wiki:expansion/gw16130

Version 11 (modified by Ron Eisworth, 3 months ago) (diff)

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GW16130 Iridium Satellite Modem

GW16130 = GW16127 Mini-PCIe carrier + Iridium 9603 modem module

Iridium 9603 SBD (short burst data) modem is capable of transmitting ASCII or Binary messages in packets of up to 340 bytes, and receiving packets of up to 270 bytes.

Single Board Computer Support

The modem has been tested and verified on Gateworks SBCs in a Mini-PCIe slot with USB 2.0 routed. The modem is supported on a wide variety of software, as it works over AT commands using a USB to UART adapter. The FTDI USB to UART driver must be installed on the operating system, however, this is default on Gateworks BSPs.

See below for the Mini-PCIe edge finger pinout on the GW16130. The USB signals are mapped to the standard pins specified in the Mini-PCIe specification (pins 36 & 38).

Mini-PCIe Edge Finger Pinout

Modem Activation

Modems need to be activated using an approved Iridium carrier/provider.

During the activation, the modem is configured for the destination of the messages:

  • Direct IP
  • Email address
  • Another modem

Some providers found on the internet, but not endorsed or approved by Gateworks:

Antenna

An Iridium certified antenna must be used.

Please see below recommended antennas:

Turning on Modem

An FTDI FT231XQ USB to UART Chip is used to communicate with the Iridium Satcom modem via its serial UART.

The FTDI GPIO pins control the modem:

  • CBUS0: SAT_ON (input to modem; 10k pull-down)
  • CBUS1: SAT_FND (output from modem)
  • CBUS2: SAT_SUPPLY_OUT (output from modem)
  • CBUS3: not connected

Configure GPIO:

base=$(for i in $(ls -1d /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip*); do [ "ftdi-cbus" = "$(cat $i/label)" ] && cat $i/base; done)
[ "$base" ] || { echo "Error: could not find ftdi-cbus device"; }
echo $((base+0)) > /sys/class/gpio/export
echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$((base+0))/direction
echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$((base+0))/value # enable modem
echo $((base+1)) > /sys/class/gpio/export
echo in > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$((base+1))/direction
echo $((base+2)) > /sys/class/gpio/export
echo in > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$((base+2))/direction

Modem AT Commands

The Iridium SBD modems communicate via AT commands over the UART (default 19200 baud).

In a Linux system the UART mapping is dynamic. See the following for examples on determining the correct port mapping. Note these commands only work if there is a single FTDI device in the system.

AT Commands via picocom: (only works if there is one ftdi device being used in the system)

DEVICE=/dev/$(basename $(ls -d /sys/bus/usb/drivers/ftdi_sio/*/ttyUSB*))
picocom $DEVICE -b 19200 --omap lfcr

AT Commands via shell: (only works if there is one ftdi device being used in the system)

DEVICE=/dev/$(basename $(ls -d /sys/bus/usb/drivers/ftdi_sio/*/ttyUSB*))
stty -F $DEVICE 19200 ignbrk -brkint -icrnl -opost -onlcr -isig -icanon -iexten -echo -echoe -echok -echoctl -echoke
cat $DEVICE &
at() { echo -n -e "$1\r" > $DEVICE; }
at "AT+GMI" # Manufacturer Identification 'Iridium'
at "AT+GMM" # Model Identification 'IRIDIUM 9600 Family SBD Transceiver'
at "AT+GMR" # Revision details
at "AT+GSN" # serial number (IEMI)
at "AT+CSQ" # signal strength (0 to 5): '+CSQ:0'

Additional commands:

  • Send message on Modem (to destination configured in modem admin where modem is registered)
    AT&K0
    AT+SBDWT=Hello World
    AT+SBDIX
    

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