|Version 23 (modified by 5 years ago) ( diff ),|
Power Over Ethernet (PoE) Notes
PoE works by having a PoE capable injector or network switch. When the switch connects to a device, the switch tries to make a handshake with the device. The device has to have the signature to be able to do the handshake to activate PoE. Some Gateworks boards do not have this signature. If the signature is not detected, then power is not turned on.
PoE has evolved to define several different classes of power requirements:
- class 0 - (no signature) max device power of 12.95W
- class 1 - 4.0W available for max device power of 3.84W
- class 2 - 7.0W available for max device power of 6.49W
- class 3 - 15.4W available for max device power of 12.95W
- class 4 (PoE+) - 30W available for max device power of 25.5W
- class 5 (PoE++) - 45W available for max device power of 40W
Please reference the user manual for the product to learn if it has POE capability at http://www.gateworks.com/usermanuals
- 802.3af-2003 standard provides up to 15.4W of DC power (min 44Vdc and 350mA) to each device. Only 12.95W is assured to be available at the powered device (as some power is dissipated in the cable)
- 802.3at-2009 standard (PoE+) provides up to 25.5W of power and prohibits a powered device from using all four pairs for power. Some vendors have products that offer up to 51W by utilizing all four pairs.
Gateworks supports a variety of Power-over-Ethernet solutions depending on product family.
|Newport||GW640x||802.3af (J21), Passive3 (J22)|
|GW630x||802.3af (J19), Passive3 (J20)|
|GW620x||802.3af (J14), Passive3 (J16)|
|Ventana||GW540x||half-rectified3 802.3af (both ports)||Jumper1|
|GW530x||half-rectified3 802.3af (both ports)||Jumper1|
|GW552x||half-rectified3 Passive (both ports)|
|Laguna||GW2388||half-rectified3 Passive (both ports)||Jumper2|
|GW2380||Passive3 (up to 42V)||Jumper2|
|GW2382||Passive3 (up to 42V)||Jumper2|
- Jumper W1 selects passive (install) vs 802.3af (remove) voltage range
- Jumper W1 selects passive (ext) vs 802.3af (std) voltage range. See below for details on the 802.3af emulation
- Half-rectified or Passive PoE on Gateworks boards assumes positive on blue pair, negative on brown pair. A cross-over cable can be used for devices using the opposite polarity
Most Gateworks products support what is typically referred to as 'Passive PoE' as power is applied to the same pins defined in 802.3af however the intelligent signalling/detection is not present. We do this because 802.3af DC range is only 37-60V and our customers typically want lower ranges.
802.3af is a standard adopted in 2003 for intelligent Power Over Ethernet where a signature is required before the supply turns on voltage. This can be a safer option than passive PoE.
Gateworks boards with true 802.3af support:
- Newport GW640x/GW630x/GW620x
Half Rectified 802.3af
Originally, true 802.3af was costly and difficult to co-exist with passive PoE, so Gateworks designed a circuit that emulated it by providing the 'signature' needed to make an 802.3af PoE compliant switch enable power. The circuit used on the boards that use this emulation provides a 'class 0' signature but does not provide a 2-event class and PoE signature required for 802.3at. Additionally because it is only half-rectified it will not work on 802.3af switches and power adapters that use the opposite polarity.
While the 802.3 spec calls out the power pins explicitly it does not call out polarity because it also requires full rectification (which makes polarity a moot point). This created the fact that some products use one polarity and others use opposite with regards to + and - voltage rails (see here http://pinouts.ru/Net/poe_pinout.shtml). Some of our 802.3af products do not have this full rectification for space reasons which can make them in-compatible with PoE on some devices without the use of a 'cross-over cable'.
Refer to the table above to find which boards use half rectified 802.3af and note in the table that some of the above products feature a jumper 'W1' which enables 802.3af emulation ULVO (under voltage lockout). This jumper needs to be in the correct position (or removed) see above table depending on the board and whether or not you want passive PoE or 802.3af emulation.
The following switch products use the opposite polarity that Gateworks uses and thus requires either a) a fully rectified emulation (see above), b) a crossover cable, c) a GW16090 revB+:
- D-Link DGS-1008P
- Cisco SG100D-08P 8-port PoE switch
- ZyXel GS1910-24HP
GW16090 GigE 802.af/at to GigE passive PoE Adapter
The Gateworks GW16090 (Purchase Here) allows boards that have no 802.3af/at support to be powered by an 802.3af/at switch or boards that only support 802.3af to be powered by an 802.3at switch. The GW16090 uses the Maxim MAX5969B PoE PD Interface Controller which provides both 802.3af and 802.3at signatures to the PSE device. For more info on the controler see: http://www.maximintegrated.com/en/products/power/switching-regulators/MAX5969B.html
The GW16090 is only intended with purely passive PoE Ethernet ports and is not meant to be compatible with ports with half rectified 802.3af or ports with true 802.3af/at and using it on those ports would be invalid and may need to unexpected results due to signature resistor conflicts.
For a list of products that the GW16090 has been validated with please see below.
- Prior to revD only half rectification was supported.
- It is critical that any external connections (eth, jtag, serial, etc) to the product being powered by the GW16090 are electrically isolated. Otherwise ground-loops can occur causing power failure at the switch and possible board damage. This is particularly an issue with PoE switches that use Power/Ground polarity opposite of what Gateworks uses for Passive PoE.
Schematic Diagram of GW16090:
|Netgear FS108P 8port 10/100 802.3af PoE Switch||802.3af|
|D-Link DGS-1008P 8port GigE 802.3af PoE Switch||802.3af||Opposite Gateworks Polarity1|
|Cisco SG100D-08P 8port GigE 802.3af PoE Switch||802.3af||Opposite Gateworks Polarity1|
|ZyXel GS1910-24HP 24port GigE 802.3af PoE Switch||802.3af||Opposite Gateworks Polarity1|
|ANVISION 48V 0.8A 802.3af/at GigE PoE Injector||Passive||integrated power supply (despite advertised as 802.3af/at complient this is passive)|
|TP-LINK TL-PoE150S 802.3af GigE PoE Injector 48V 0.35A||802.3af||external supply provided, not compatible with half-rectified 802.3af2|
|Brash Networks BN-PE901G 802.3at GigE PoE Injector 52V 30W||802.3af/at||integrated power supply|
|Ubiquiti Networks GP-A240-050G Passive GigE PoE Injector 24V 0.5A||Passive||integrated power supply|
|GW10022 10/100 Ethernet Passive PoE Injector||Passive||requires external power supply, Discontinued|
|GW10027 Passive PoE Power Injector 24V 0.8A||Passive||integrated power supply, 10/100 only, Discontinued|
|GW10041 Passive PoE Power Injector 24V 2A||Passive||integrated power supply, 10/100 only, Discontinued|
|GW10054 GigE Ethernet Passive POE Injector||Passive||requires external power supply|
- Requires cross-over cable if using with a Gateworks board on a port that has half-rectified passive PoE (ie Ventana)
- This product is not compatible with the half rectified 802.3af used on certain Ventana and Laguna products